CBD, THC, Cannabinoids! If you are just getting started into your journey with CBD we know these terms can be confusing so we have put together a “new to CBD” Q & A guide to help you understand what these terms mean and to learn more about CBD.
Cannabinoids are the group name given to the different types of compounds found in the cannabis and hemp plant.
There are over 100 cannabinoids in these 2 plants and we referrer to each compound as a Cannabinoid and collectively Cannabinoids
The main cannabinoids found in the hemp plant are:
- Cannabidiol (CBD)
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
- Cannabigerol (CBG)
- Cannabichromene (CBC)
- Cannabinol (CBN)
- Cannabicyclol (CBL)
CBD or Cannabidiol is a the name of a cannabinoid compound found in the hemp plant. There are over 100 compounds found within the hemp plant but CBD (Which is responsible for up to 40% of the hemp plant) has been the focal compound of interest and has shown to provide some amazing therapeutic benefits with no side effects.
The hemp plant is a variety of plant from the same family as the cannabis plant. But unlike the cannabis plant, the hemp plant can be legally grown for a multitude of industries. The hemp plant also happens to have much higher concentrations of CBD then the cannabis plant and also has much lower concentrations of THC (The psychoactive compound)
THC or Tetrahydrocannabinol is a cannabinoid compound found in the hemp and cannabis plant, and is responsible for the “high” or psychoactive effects.
Cannabis contains the most about of THC and smaller amounts of CBD while hemp contains the highest amounts of CBD and low amounts of THC.
THC activates certain receptors in the brain responsible for memory, pleasure, movements, thinking, concentration, coordination, and sensory and time perception.
THC can provide some health benefits of it’s own, however due to the adverse side effects it is currently illegal in the UK.
THC and CBD are the 2 main compounds found in the hemp plant. THC is the compound that gives that psychoactive effects associated with smoking cannabis and is referred to as a high.
CBD on the other hand provides no psychoactive effects and based on scientific research evidence shows CBD has a lot of health benefits with no side effects.
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) refers to a collection of cell receptors and corresponding molecules located throughout the body – in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells. Though it performs different tasks in each tissue, its goal is always homeostasis or optimal balance within the body. Because of its ability to maintain homeostasis within the body, the ECS is perhaps the most important physiologic system involved in establishing and maintaining human health.
Cannabinoids and their receptors work much like a lock and key. Two primary cell receptors make up the ECS, Cannabinoid Receptor 1 (CB1) and Cannabinoid Receptor 2 (CB2) – these are the locks. CB1 receptors are abundant in the central nervous system. CB2 receptors are more often found on immune cells, in the gastrointestinal tract and in the peripheral nervous system.
Because cannabinoid receptors are found in so many places in the body they are crucial for optimal health. In fact, they play a significant role in regulating many bodily functions like:
- Motor control
- Immune function
- Reproduction and fertility
- Pleasure and reward
- Temperature regulation
The entourage effect is the main reason behind the efficacy of whole plant extracts. There are over 100 ‘identified’ compounds in the cannabis plant. While most of these compounds have their own therapeutic benefit, they combine synergistically to provide a far better performance than any single compound, including CBD
No, CBD does not cause a high and is a non psychoactive cannabinoid. THC is the cannabinoid responsible for these effects and our products contains less than 0.2% THC meeting the legal requirements of CBD products.
Studies relating to CBD are still new and on going however the studies that have been performed so far are showing CBD has some major positive effects in our bodies. These include:
- Pain relief
- Reduce inflammation
- Stimulated appetite
- Reduced vomiting and nausea
- Reduce contractions of the small intestine
- Reduce anxiety
- Psychosis management
- Reduce seizures and convulsions
- Suppresses muscle spasms
- Reduces efficacy of immune system
- Reduced blood sugar levels
- Prevents nervous system dgeneration
- Threats psoriasis
- Reduced risk of artery blockage
- Kills or slows bacteria growth
- Inhibits cell growth in tumours
- Promotes bone growth
The health benefits listed here are based on the studies performed by reputable research groups.
CBD Queen sell CBD oil and E-liquids as food supplements. We do not suggest that CBD can cure or prevent illnesses.
CBD is generally well tolerated and considered safe but that is not to say some people may have an adverse reaction.
CBD is also known to interact with several medications. We would suggest speaking to your GP before taking any CBD products.
In short, Yes. CBD is legal in the United Kingdom.
THC is the compound that is classed as illegal. Our CBD products contain less than 0.2% THC which is the legal requirement for CBD products.
This will depend on your requirements. Some people prefer to add CBD oil to other ingredients or drops under the tongue while others prefer to ingest CBD by vaping.
The most common method of oil consumption is orally, applying the required drops directly under the tongue and absorbed through your mucus membranes directly into your bloodstream. The longer you can hold the oil under your tongue, you will significantly increase the volume of CBD going directly into your bloodstream. When you swallow what’s left it will pass through your gastrointestinal system and into your liver. This method will take 20-60 minutes for the CBD to reach your blood stream.
CBD Oil can also be added to foods/drinks and used in cooking and baking. This is a good method of consumption if you do not require immediate effects. This will take CBD up to 4 hours to reach your blood stream.
Vaping E-Liquid provides a more immediate effect in the same way nicotine is consumed in the form of a E-Liquid. Studies show that vaping CBD you can increase the amount of CBD absorbed by up to 60%.
Vaping also benefits from being discrete and to consume CBD in public. By vaping you can always have a dose with you.
If this is your first time buying a CBD product you may want to try a lower strength product for example 300mg – 500mg and work your way up to higher strength’s
Our range of CBD oils start from 300mg and go as high as 200mg while our e-juice range starts at 50mg up to 1000mg
Things to consider
- Start small – When beginning CBD, it’s best to start with a smaller dose. As with any new product, it is important to become familiar with how your body responds to CBD before increasing the dose. If you are new to CBD we encourage you to start with the lower dosages and gradually work your way up to the dose that works for you.
- Consistency – For most newcomers, they expect a huge change within minutes. CBD is not like that. An increased sense of peace and balance is fairly noticeable when taking these products in certain amounts. When you use CBD you might need to use it consistently during a longer period of time for the endocannabinoid effects to occur.
- Size Matters – The right dose of CBD varies from person to person. Generally speaking, larger individuals may prefer a higher dose of CBD than smaller people. With CBD, you can easily scale up just a few milligrams at a time to meet your personal needs.
- Understanding CBD Strengths – CBD requires some trial and error to get the right amount for your body. With patience and practice, you should be able to get to that “happy point” within just a few days of working with it.
Isolate CBD are products that only contain one compound from the hemp plant, CBD. The hemp plant contains over 100 compounds and a process known Supercritical CO2 is able to extract the CBD from the other compounds.
Full Spectrum refers to a wide range of cannabinoids. Full Spectrum CBD products contains a wide range of cannabinoids, not just CBD.
Depending on what you are looking to achieve Full Spectrum CBD can provide a greater effect than CBD alone as all the cannabinoids work together in what is known as the entourage effect
Products are best stored in a cool, dry and dark place. Do not expose to direct sunlight or heat.
Please note: Light, heat, and air exposure all play a part in the breakdown of natural cannabinoids like CBD, so it is important to defend against them. Ideal temperature for environment should be between 6-20 degrees Celsius.
Can oil be kept in the fridge?
CBD oil can be kept in the fridge for a longer period of time. Lower temperatures can affect the colour and thickness of the product. There might be some precipitation (looks like flakes falling out of the oil) but it will go away when it is back at room temperature. There is no loss of potency and it won’t damage the product.