CBD, THC – Strengths, doses! If you are just getting started into your journey with CBD we know these terms can be confusing so we have put together a “new to CBD” Q & A guide to help you understand what these terms mean and to learn more about CBD.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the name of a active compound found in cannabis. There are over 100 identified compounds that belong to a class of molecules called cannabinoids.
CBD is one of dozens of non-psychoactive cannabinoids naturally found within the plant. CBD is one of the main cannabinoids and responsible for up to 40% of the hemp plant. Studies have shown cannabinoids to have significant benefits which are proving to be hugely beneficial towards our well being and completely non addictive.
One of the most well-known cannabinoids is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the only psychoactive cannabinoid and produces the various effects most users would associate with being ‘high’. THC is illegal in the UK.
Some other cannabinoids include Cannabigerol (CBG), Cannabichromene (CBC), Cannabinol (CBN) and Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA) to name a few.
The human body contains its own Endocannabinoid System (ECS) which houses various cannabinoid receptors. CBD naturally acts on the ECS signals to increase receptor function and flow with no psychoactive reactions in the body.
The chemical compounds that interact with the ECS support are memory, mood, brain reward systems, and energy balance. The ECS system has also been found to be beneficial in combating depression, anxiety, increasing appetite and creating feelings of well-being.
For more in-depth information please see Endocannabinoid system below
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) refers to a collection of cell receptors and corresponding molecules located throughout the body – in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands and immune cells. Though it performs different tasks in each tissue, its goal is always homeostasis or optimal balance within the body.
The endocannabinoid system is made up of three mechanisms:
Enzymes that create and break down endocannabinoids
Whenever our functions get out of balance, the endocannabinoid system responds by triggering the release of enzymes designed to synthesize endocannabinoids.
These endocannabinoids – the most major of which are Anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol – bind to cannabinoid receptors that are found on cells in the brain and throughout the body.
Two primary cell receptors make up the ECS, Cannabinoid Receptor 1 (CB1) and Cannabinoid Receptor 2 (CB2). Once the cannabinoid receptors are activated, they control the passage of proteins between cells, sending chemical messages between nerve cells explaining that adjustments need to be made. This process triggers a chemical response specifically designed to bring the function that had become unbalanced back into balance, or homeostasis.
CB1 receptors are abundant in the central nervous system. CB2 receptors are more often found on immune cells, in the gastrointestinal tract and in the peripheral nervous system. Because cannabinoid receptors are found in so many places in the body they are crucial for optimal health. In fact, they play a significant role in regulating many bodily functions like:
- Motor control
- Immune function
- Reproduction and fertility
- Temperature regulation
Because of its ability to maintain homeostasis within the body, the ECS is perhaps the most important physiologic system involved in establishing and maintaining human health.
CBD is generally well tolerated and considered safe but that is not to say some people may have an adverse reaction. CBD is also known to interact with several medications. We would suggest speaking to your GP before taking any CBD products.
Yes. CBD is legal in the United Kingdom.
Absouletly not! CBD does not cause a high it is a non psychoactive cannabinoid.
THC is a psychoactive compound which produces the various effects most users would associate with being ‘high’. THC is currently illegal in the UK. Any product that contains any traces of THC must comply with the UK law which states it must be under 0.2%.
CBD on the other hand, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and therefor offers no psychoactive effects whatsoever. CBD is legal in the UK and according to various different studies carried out, its generally considered safe to take with extremely low risks of any side effects.
Hemp and marijuana are both strains of the cannabis plant. The hemp plant contains much higher concentrations of CBD and low traces of THC. Where as marijuana has much higher concentrates of THC and lower traces of CBD.
The phrase “entourage effect” was coined by two Israeli scientists, Raphael Mechoulam and S. Ben-Shabat to describe their findings; that taking the entire spectrum of natural compounds found in cannabis work far better together and are much more beneficial than only taking a single isolated molecule compound.
Raphael Mechoulam and many scientists who’ve followed his work maintain that all of the natural components of cannabis behave synergistically to produce far greater results than any single compound.
Studies relating to CBD performed so far are showing CBD to have some major positive effects towards our health and wellbeing. These include:
- Pain relief
- Reduce inflammation
- Stimulated appetite
- Reduced vomiting and nausea
- Reduce contractions of the small intestine
- Reduce anxiety
- Psychosis management
- Reduce seizures and convulsions
- Suppresses muscle spasms
- Increases efficacy of immune system
- Reduced blood sugar levels
- Prevents nervous system degeneration
- Threats psoriasis
- Reduced risk of artery blockage
- Kills or slows bacteria growth
- Inhibits cell growth in tumours
- Promotes bone growth
The health benefits listed here are based on the studies performed by reputable research groups.
For more information on the findings of those studies and the health benefits of CBD supplements please visit our Blog page.
CBD Queen sells products as food supplements. We make no medical claims nor do we suggest that CBD can cure, treat or prevent illnesses.
This will depend on your requirements. Some people prefer to place drops under the tongue or add CBD oil to other ingredients. While others prefer to ingest CBD by vaping.
The most common method of oil consumption is orally, applying the required drops directly under the tongue and absorbed through your mucus membranes directly into your bloodstream. The longer you can hold the oil under your tongue, you will significantly increase the volume of CBD going directly into your bloodstream. When you swallow what’s left it will pass through your gastrointestinal system and into your liver.
CBD Oil can also be added to foods/drinks and used in cooking and baking. This is a good method of consumption if you do not require fast effects.
Vaping E-Liquid provides a more immediate effect in the same way nicotine is consumed in the form of a E-Liquid. Studies show that vaping CBD you can increase the amount of CBD absorbed by up to 60%.
When vaporized, CBD enters the lungs and diffuses directly into the bloodstream, as opposed to ingestion which requires the CBD to pass through the gut and liver. The passing of CBD through the gut and liver is known as the “first pass effect”.
This reduces the bioavailability of the CBD to as low as 15%. This means that for every 100mg of CBD ingested, only 15mg will actually be absorbed into the bloodstream. By vaping CBD, you increase the bioavailability to as much 60%, which gives you the same beneficial effects using far less CBD.
CBD works differently for each individual, as our bodies are unique we all respond and react differently to things. It’s hard to tell how your body will react to CBD, until you try it, so there’s a certain amount of trial and error with CBD and doses etc.
Choosing a strength will very much depend on your requirements, in general its best to start low. You may find relief with just a few drops of a low strength or you could need a slightly stronger one. Our oils range from 300mg (3%) – 2000mg (20%), they came in 10ml bottles for maximum potency. Our oils are high strength, which mean you use less oil.
- Start small – When beginning CBD it’s best to start with a smaller dose. As with any new product, it is important to become familiar with how your body responds to CBD before increasing the dose. If you are new to CBD we encourage you to start with the lower dose and gradually work your way up to the dose that works for you.
- Consistency – For most newcomers they expect a huge change within minutes. CBD is not like that. An increased sense of peace and balance is fairly noticeable when taking these products in certain amounts. When you use CBD you might need to use it consistently during a longer period of time for the endocannabinoid effects to occur.
- Size Matters – The right dose of CBD varies from person to person. Generally speaking, larger individuals may prefer a higher dose of CBD than smaller people. With CBD you can easily scale up just a few milligrams at a time to meet your personal needs.
- Understanding CBD Strengths – CBD requires some trial and error to get the right amount for your body. With patience and practice, you should be able to get to that “happy point” within just a few days of working with it.
When looking for CBD it’s important to compare the strength to the size of the bottle. This will give you to clear understanding on how much CBD your exactly getting, compared to how much carrier oil is inside.
For example; If you had two bottles of 1000mg CBD oil – one 10ml and one 30ml, although they are the same strength, the 10ml is 10% and the 30ml is 3.33%. This means you would need to take three times the amount of the 30ml oil to get the same equivalent of CBD than you would from the 10ml.
Having higher strengths in smaller size means you receive maximum potency and benefit from using far less oil. Big is not always better!
Isolate CBD are products that only contain one compound, CBD.
CBD isolate is in its purest form. Its isolated during the extraction process and made into powder.
Full Spectrum refers to a wide range of cannabinoids. Full Spectrum CBD products contains a wide range of cannabinoids, not just CBD.
Depending on what you are looking to achieve Full Spectrum CBD can provide a greater effect than CBD alone as all the cannabinoids work together in what is known as the entourage effect
Products are best stored in a cool, dry and dark place. Do not expose to direct sunlight or heat.
Please note: Light, heat, and air exposure all play a part in the breakdown of natural cannabinoids like CBD, so it is important to defend against them. Ideal temperature for environment should be between 6-20 degrees Celsius.
Can oil be kept in the fridge?
CBD oil can be kept in the fridge for a longer period of time. Lower temperatures can affect the colour and thickness of the product. There might be some precipitation (looks like flakes falling out of the oil) but it will go away when it is back at room temperature. There is no loss of potency and it won’t damage the product.